"There are three principal who became the foundation of the happiness of a servant, and each has the opponent. Whoever loses these key then he will fall into his opponent.  Tawheed, Shirk opponent.  Sunnah, his opponent of heresy. And  obedience, his opponent is immoral. While these three have one common enemy that is void of a sense of hope in the hearts street [obedience to] God and the desire to achieve a return that is on his side and the lack of fear of Him and the punishment promised in His side. " (al-Fawa'id, p.. 104)
Tawhid Deliver Towards Happiness
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "People who believe their faith and do not interfere with tyranny / shirk, that is what they will have security and they are the ones who are given instructions." (Surah al-An ' aam: 82). Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,' Allah forbids hell upon those who say la ilaha illa Allah sincerely expect the face. "(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim). Abdullah Ibn Mubarak rahimahullah said, "How many small deeds become great because of intent (the sincere), and how many great deeds to be small because the intention (not sincere)."
Shirk Towards Delivering Passion
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Verily, those who ascribe God is truly God forbid it heaven and place of residence is hell, and no helpers for those who do wrong it is." (Surah al-Maa'idah: 72).. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Anyone who met with God in a state associate God with anything then he'll go to hell." (Narrated by Muslim).
Sunnah Deliver Towards Happiness
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Say (Muhammad): If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive your sins." (Surah Ali Imran: 31). Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Islam is coming in a foreign state and will again be a foreigner as the arrival, the lucky people who are strangers." (Narrated by Muslim). ” Rahimahullah Imam Malik said, "The Sunnah is [like] Noah's Ark, whoever would climb safely , and whoever is left will be sunk. " heresy
Heresy Deliver Towards Passion
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Those who oppose the Messenger after the guidance was clear to him and he just followed the road other than the believers, We shall certainly let him adrift in kesesatannya and we will put it in Jahannam, and Jahannam indeed it is the worst place again. "(Surah an-Nisaa ': 115). Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "bad-ugly affair is that diada pretender-in-religion, [and each of which diada invent it is heresy] and every heresy definitely misguided [and every misguidance in hell] . '(Narrated by Muslim, added in brackets in the history Nasa'i)
Obedience Deliver Towards Happiness
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Those who obey Allah and His Messenger indeed he will get a very large fortune." (Surah al-Ahzab: 71) Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "All my people would go to heaven, except that reluctance." The Companions asked, "Who are those who are reluctant to it, O Messenger of Allah?". He replied, "Whoever mentaatiku enter Paradise and whoever mendurhakaiku then he was reluctant people." (Narrated by Bukhari). Ibn Abbas Radhiyallahu'anhuma said, "Allah guarantees to anyone who reads the Koran and the teachings in it that he would not go astray in the world and not be hurt in the hereafter."
Disobedience Deliver Towards Passion
Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Those who rebel against Allah and His Messenger he has indeed strayed in a very obvious error." (Surah al-Ahzab: 36).Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Heaven filled with matter-matter that is unpopular with lust (obedience) while hell is covered with a groove contemplates the lust (disobedience)." (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
Loss of Hope and Fear
While three of the above-Tawheed, Sunnah, and obedience have one common enemy which is the lack of a sense of hope and fear. That is when a servant no longer have high expectations for what God promises and not keep the fear of threats that God gave. Due to the lack of hope and fear this will arise a variety of harmful effects. Among its effects are:  carried away by the outpouring of grateful pleasure so negligent,  busy collecting science to practice but is unaware of,  quickly dragged into sin, but slow to repent,  carried away with friendships with people pious but negligent of them to emulate,  the world go away from them but they've always pursued,  hereafter come over to them but they just do not get ready to welcome him. Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah explained that the absence of a sense of hope and fear stems from lack of confidence. Lack of confidence that arise due to weak bashirah / understanding. And the weak bashirah itself arises because the soul is stunted and low (see al-Fawa'id, p.. 170).
Clean Your soul!
Dwarf and low soul will feel satisfied with that contemplates the abject, while a great and noble soul would only be satisfied with that contemplates the noble (see al-Fawa'id, p.. 170). Allah ta'ala says (which means), "What a happy person who purifies his soul and truly lost people who pollute." (Surat ash-Shams: 9-10). Shaykh as-Sa'di rahimahullah said, "That is one who purifies his soul from the sins and cleaning of disgrace, disgrace, and he meninggikannnya with obedience to God and glorifying it with useful knowledge and good deeds." (Taisir al-Karim ar -Rahman, p.. 926). Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen rahimahullah said, "What is meant here is sanctification purifies himself with the way he set him free from shirk and smudges immoral, so that his soul be pure and clean." (Tafseer Juz' Amma, things. 165).
From here, we realized how big a role science diamalkan. Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam taught us to always pray after Fajr prayer with a very beautiful prayer, o God Inni as'aluka' ilman nafi'an rizqan thayyiban wa wa 'deeds mutaqabbalan. Which means: "O Allah, I beg thee of useful knowledge, provision of good, and acceptable deeds." (Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Majah). Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also said, "Anyone who desired both by Allah, shall be dipahamkan in matters of religion." (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim). Allah ta'ala says (which means), "Verily, who fear Allah, among His servants, only the knowledgeable people." (Surah Fathir: 28). Radhiyallahu'anhu Ibn Mas'ud said, "It is enough fear of God as evidence of knowledge-someone-."
Author: Abu Mushlih Ari Wahyudi